The source of ZIKA VIRUS Were monkeys ;this virus(ZIKV) is a member of Flaviviridae virus family ;and the Flavivirus genus.Cases of Zika fever;mild illness etc have been spotted lately. Zika virus results in severe Birth defects in thousands of babies in brazil. Estmated 3 to 4 million people in america are vulnerable to this virus ;and 1.5 million in Brazil according to world health organization(WHO) report.Five facts about this virus are given as follows
1)The virus is transmitted to people through the bite of infected female Aedes mosquitoes . Same virus that spreads Dengi,Chicken bunela and yellow fever. 2)There is no treatment or vaccine available for Zika infection. 3)The virus has a devastating birth defect called microcephaly. 'Microcephaly can be present at birth followed by abnormal brain development in the uterus. Conditions posing a risk to developing microcephaly include: (a)Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities ;like Down syndrome. (b)Infections like rubella;toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus; chickenpox and possibly the Zika virus.' 4)Sources of Zika virus are tropical locales with large mosquito populations. 5)Sexual contact is a means of Zika transmission. Zika symptoms most common symptoms Many people infected with Zika virus won’t have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms. The most common symptoms of Zika are Fever Rash Joint pain Red eyes Other symptoms include: Muscle pain Headache People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. Why this virus is risky for some people Zika infection caused by pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects. How to prevent this virus There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. Here’s how Treat your clothing Clothing Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants. Treat your clothing and gear with permethrin or buy pre-treated items. using insect spray Insect repellent Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents; with ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Always follow the product label instructions. Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol on children younger than 3 years old.
Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside. Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home. Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors. Using condoms or not having sex to prevent Zika Sexual transmission Prevent sexual transmission of this virus by using condoms or not having sex.
Diagnosis of this virus is based on a person’s recent travel history, symptoms, and test results. A blood or urine test can confirm a Zika infection. Symptoms of this virus are similar to other illnesses spread through mosquito bites, like dengue and chikungunya. Your doctor or other healthcare provider may order tests to look for several types of infections.